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Reading Assessment Database: Search Results

The essential cognitive elements of the reading process have been outlined in the Cognitive Framework of Reading. To assist educators in organizing their assessment practices around the cognitive framework, we've created a way to easily search for published early reading assessments that specifically test skills and knowledge outlined by the Cognitive Framework of Reading.

To find out more about the Reading Assessment Database, you can read the overview page for a description of the database and tips for using it effectively.

You have just searched the Reading Assessment Database for Grades K-2 for published reading assessments. that test . There is 1 test that matches your search. Results are sorted by name.

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The RAD Clipboard - for keeping track of reading assessment tools you're interested in. The Reading Assessment Clipboard:
If you would like to keep track of reading assessments that interest you, you can add them to your "Assessment Clipboard" for later viewing and printing. You even have the option to e-mail the details about the assessments to yourself or others.

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This Assessment has already been added to your clipboard. Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills — 6th Edition (DIBELS-6)

Author: University of Oregon
Date Published: 2005

To Purchase this assessment, you must contact the publisher.
University of Oregon


Cost Free download
Time to administer Approximately 10 minutes
Administration Individual
Grades Pre-K, K, 1, 2, 3
Cognitive elements
Reading Comprehension
Cipher Knowledge
Phoneme Awareness
Letter Knowledge
Phonological Awareness
Subtests and
skills assessed
ISF: Initial Sounds Fluency — The student must select a picture of an object whose name begins with a given phoneme. The teacher monitors both fluency and accuracy. (PreK and K)

LNF: Letter Naming Fluency — The student must identify as many upper-case and lower-case letters as possible within one minute. (K and 1)

PSF: Phoneme Segmentation Fluency — The teacher says a word aloud, and the student must quickly repeat that word, inserting a clear pause between each phoneme. The student must do this for as many words as possible within one minute. (K and 1)

NWF: Nonsense Word Fluency — The student must correctly pronounce as many nonsense words as possible in one minute. (K and 1)

ORF: DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency — The student must read aloud as much of a passage of text as possible in one minute. After reading aloud, the student must also describe or retell the content of the passage of text. (1, 2, 3)

WUF: Word Use Fluency — The student is given a word to use in a sentence or to define, and the teacher monitors both the accuracy of the use or definition as well as the number of words the student uses in his or her response. (K, 1, 2, 3)

Language(s) tool can
be administered in
Score reporting
and test design data
This is a criterion-referenced assessment — there does not appear to be any current normative data available (see notes). The reliability of each subtest has been assessed, and results were well within expected ranges for students at this age. Other reputable published assessments (such as Woodcock-Johnson) were used to assess the validity of each subtest. Reliability and validity information is available on the publisher's website and in downloadable technical reports.
Notes Oral reading fluency passages are also available for grades 4, 5, and 6. There are a collection of technical reports available from the DIBELS website, and some of these reports provide information about converting DIBELS raw scores into percentile scores. However, it is unclear if these reports are referring to the most recent version of the DIBELS. There are many alternate forms of each of the subtests to allow for valid and objective progress monitoring. The DIBELS assessment is free, but for a fee, there are services from the publisher for organizing and interpreting DIBELS data.

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