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Reading Assessment Database: Search Results

The essential cognitive elements of the reading process have been outlined in the Cognitive Framework of Reading. To assist educators in organizing their assessment practices around the cognitive framework, we've created a way to easily search for published early reading assessments that specifically test skills and knowledge outlined by the Cognitive Framework of Reading.

To find out more about the Reading Assessment Database, you can read the overview page for a description of the database and tips for using it effectively.

You have just searched the Reading Assessment Database for Grades K-2 for published reading assessments. that test . There is 1 test that matches your search. Results are sorted by name.

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You can also perform an new search of the assessment database to look for more specific information about reading tests, or you can view a summary chart comparing all assessments and their features.

The RAD Clipboard - for keeping track of reading assessment tools you're interested in. The Reading Assessment Clipboard:
If you would like to keep track of reading assessments that interest you, you can add them to your "Assessment Clipboard" for later viewing and printing. You even have the option to e-mail the details about the assessments to yourself or others.

  • To view the clipboard, click on the large clipboard image to the right.
  • To add an assessment to the clipboard, click on the tiny clipboard next to the assessment name as seen in the list of assessments below.

This Assessment has already been added to your clipboard. Preschool Language Scale - 4th Edition (PLS-4)

Author: Irla Lee Zimmerman, Violette G. Steiner, and Roberta Evatt Pond
Date Published: 2002

To Purchase this assessment, you must contact the publisher.
The Psychological Corporation - A Harcourt Assessment Co.


Cost $245.00 for manuals and 15 record forms
Time to administer 20 to 45 minutes depending on age of child
Administration Individual
Grades Pre-K, K, 1
Cognitive elements
Language Comprehension
Subtests and
skills assessed
Auditory comprehension — Items vary; some items measure the child's ability to focus attention for a period of time, but most focus on the child's understanding of vocabulary (picture-word or picture-phrase matching) and following directions (e.g. "show me your wrist").

Expressive communication — Items vary; some items focus on expressive vocabulary, some focus on syntactic knowledge or semantic knowledge, and some measure the child's ability to convey coherent concepts.
Language(s) tool can
be administered in
Score reporting
and test design data
Raw scores can be converted into standard scores, percentile ranks and age equivalent scores. This test was standardized on a nationwide, representative sample of 2,400 children. Test-retest reliability is in the .90 range, and the inter-rater reliability correlation was nearly perfect. The validity of this assessment was established using the PLS-3 and the Denver II. Clinical validity studies with children with special needs were also conducted to provide evidence of PLS-4 validity.
Notes This test can be used long before the child enters preschool — some items are appropriate for new-born infants. The tasks are ordered to reflect sequential developmental milestones in language. There are three supplemental measures provided with this assessment: An articulation screener, a language sample checklist, and a caregiver questionnaire.

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