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Reading Assessment Database: Search Results

The essential cognitive elements of the reading process have been outlined in the Cognitive Framework of Reading. To assist educators in organizing their assessment practices around the cognitive framework, we've created a way to easily search for published early reading assessments that specifically test skills and knowledge outlined by the Cognitive Framework of Reading.

To find out more about the Reading Assessment Database, you can read the overview page for a description of the database and tips for using it effectively.

You have just searched the Reading Assessment Database for Grades K-2 for published reading assessments. that test . There is 1 test that matches your search. Results are sorted by name.

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The RAD Clipboard - for keeping track of reading assessment tools you're interested in. The Reading Assessment Clipboard:
If you would like to keep track of reading assessments that interest you, you can add them to your "Assessment Clipboard" for later viewing and printing. You even have the option to e-mail the details about the assessments to yourself or others.

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This Assessment has already been added to your clipboard. Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening PreK (PALS-PreK)

Author: Marcia Invernizzi, Amie Sullivan, Joanne Meier, and Linda Swank
Date Published: 2004

To Purchase this assessment, you must contact the publisher.
University of Virginia


Cost $75.00 for materials to screen for 20 students twice
Time to administer 20-25 minutes
Administration Individual
Grades Pre-K
Cognitive elements
Cipher Knowledge
Letter Knowledge
Concepts About Print
Phonological Awareness
Subtests and
skills assessed
Name Writing — Student must draw a picture of himself or herself, and label the picture with his or her name.

Upper-Case Alphabet Recognition — Student must correctly identify upper-case letters.

Lower-Case Alphabet Recognition — Student must correctly identify lower-case letters (only given if student knows 9 or more upper-case letters).

Letter Sounds — Student must provide an appropriate sound (phoneme) that corresponds to each letter (only given if student knows 9 or more upper-case letters).

Beginning Sound Awareness — Student must match pictures based on their initial sound (phoneme).

Print and Word Awareness — Student must demonstrate knowledge of a variety of print concepts.

Rhyme Awareness — Student must match pictures based on rhyme.

Nursery Rhyme Awareness — Teacher reads aloud common, familiar nursery rhymes, and student must provide the very last word in the rhyme when prompted.
Language(s) tool can
be administered in
Score reporting
and test design data
Items and testing procedures for each subtest were normed and validated in over 14 schools across Virginia between 2000 and 2004. Test-retest and split-half reliability assessments were well within the expected range. Validity was assessed using a previous version of PALS-PreK, as well as the Test of Awareness of Language Segments, the Child Observation Record, and the Test of Early Reading Ability - 3rd Edition.
Notes This revised version of the PALS-PreK corrects ceiling effects that existed in earlier versions (i.e. some subtests were too easy for most students).

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