by Stacey Rosenkrantz Aronson

References & Credits


  • Bryant, M. (1993). America's alternative schools: Prototypes for new public schools. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the University Council for Educational Administration, Houston, TX. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 363 970)
  • Butchart, R. E. (1986). Dropout prevention through alternative high schools: A study of the national experience. New York: Elmira Board of Cooperative Educational Services. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 273 872)
  • Carnegie Task Force on Education of Young Adolescents. (1989). Turning points: Preparing American youth for the 21st century. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, Carnegie Corporation of New York.
  • Cormier, S. D., Berry, B., McCormick, C., Gredler, M. B., & Wieder, A. (1991). Assessing the impact of an alternative school for at-risk students. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.
  • DeBlois, R. (1989). Keep at-risk students in school: Toward a curriculum for potential dropouts. NASSP Bulletin, 73, 6-12.
  • Hahn, A., & Danzberger, J., with Lefkowitz, B. (1987). Dropouts in America: Enough is known for action. A report for policymakers and grantsmakers. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Educational Leadership.
  • Herbst, D. P., & Sontheimer, H. G. (1987). A synergistic model for a juvenile court administered alternative education program. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services and Rehabilitation, 11, 67-77.
  • Jacobs, B. (1994). Recommendations for alternative education. A Report to the Joint Select Committee to Review the Central Education Agency. (Contact person: Billy Jacobs, Texas Youth Commission, (512) 483-5000.)
  • Jordan, T. S., & Jordan, K. F. (1995). State funding of programs and services for at-risk youth. Paper presented at the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory Conference on Alternative Learning Environments, Little Rock, AR.
  • Kadel, S. (1994). Reengineering high schools for student success. Hot topics: Usable research. Palatka, FL: SouthEastern Regional Vision for Education. (ERIC Document Number 366 076)
  • Kershaw, C. A., & Blank, M. A. (1993). Student and educator perceptions of the impact of an alternative school structure. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Atlanta, GA.
  • Korn, C. V. (1991). Alternative American schools: Ideals in action. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.
  • Morley, R. E. (1991). Alternative education. Dropout prevention research reports. Clemson, S.C.: National Dropout Prevention Center. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. 349 652)
  • New Futures for Little Rock Youth. (1993). Materials and newsletters from New Futures, 209 West Capitol Avenue, Little Rock, AR 72201. (Contact person: Dorothy Nayles, Policy Analyst, (501) 374-1011.)
  • Oklahoma Technical Assistance Center. (1995). Materials and results of evaluations of programs funded by the State Department of Education's Alternative Education Grant Program and High Challenge Grant Program. (Contact persons: Kathy McKean or Sylvia Oleson, (918) 225-1882.)
  • Raywid, M. A. (1990). Alternative education: The definition problem. Changing Schools, 18, 4-5, 10.
  • Raywid, M. A. (1994a). Focus schools: A genre to consider. New York: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Institute for Urban and Minority Education.
  • Raywid, M. A. (1994b). The research record. In J. Mintz, R. Solomon, & S. Solomon (Eds.), The Handbook of Alternative Education (pp.7-11). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Rogers, P. C. (1991). At-risk programs: Assessment issues. Center for At-Risk Students, 2, 1-4. Newsletter from the former Center for At-Risk Students housed at LaGuardia Community College, 31-10 Thomson Avenue, Long Island City, N.Y., 11101. (Contact person: Janet Lieberman, (718) 482-7200.)
  • Smith, G. R., Gregory, T. B., & Pugh, R. C. (1981). Meeting student needs: Evidence for the superiority of alternative schools. Phi Delta Kappan, 62, 561-564.
  • Wehlage, G., Rutter, R. A., Smith, G. A., Lesko, N. & Fernandez, R. R., (1990). Reducing the risk: Schools as communities of support. New York: The Falmer Press.
  • Whalen, B. (1985). Developing an alternative high school: Dos and dont's. NASSP Bulletin, 69, 106-109.



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This issue of Insightswas written by Stacey Rosenkrantz Aronson, Ph.D., Policy Associate.

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Published in Insights on Educational Policy, Practice, and Research Number 6, December 1995, Alternative Learning Environments (Summary of Alternative Education Legislation)