Annotated Bibliography of Resources for Educational Reform, Coherent Teaching Practice, and Improved Student Learning

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  • MacIver, D. J., & Reuman, D. A. (1993/94). Giving their best—grading and recognition practices that motivate students to work hard. American Educator, 17, 24-31.

These authors discuss problems associated with traditional grading systems and give details for a pilot project in Maryland to develop a better grading system. The authors propose that traditional assessment, grading, and student recognition practices are partly responsible for lack of student interest and motivation in academic success. Traditional grading programs do not identify accessible or challenging goals for students. When students are given challenging, quantifiable goals that force them to use their full potential, they experience more success.

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