Science Standards Refresher

This grid is excerpted from the National Science Education Standards, published by the National Research Council in 1995.

What Is It?
Unifying Concepts and Processes
  • Systems, order, and organization
  • Evidence, models, and explanation
  • Change, constancy, and measurement
  • Evolution and equilibrium
  • Form and function

Science as Inquiry
  • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
  • Understandings about scientific inquiry

Physical Science
  • Properties of objects and materials
  • Position and motion of objects
  • Light, heat, electricity, and magnetism

Life Science
  • Characteristics of organisms
  • Life cycles of organisms
  • Organisms and environments

Earth and Space Science
  • Properties of Earth materials
  • Objects in the sky
  • Changes in Earth and sky

Science and Technology
  • Abilities of technological design
  • Understandings about science and technology
  • Abilities to distinguish between natural objects and objects made by humans

Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
  • Personal health
  • Characteristics and changes in populations
  • Types of resources
  • Changes in environments
  • Science and technology in local challenges

History and Nature of Science
  • Science as a human endeavor

standards 9-12standards 5-8standards K-4

To find the complete National Science Education Standards, please visit