Science Standards Refresher

This grid is excerpted from the National Science Education Standards published by the National Research Council in 1995.

What is it?
Unifying Concepts and Processes
  • Systems, order, and organization
  • Evidence, models, and explanation
  • Change, constancy, and measurement
  • Evolution and equilibrium
  • Form and function

Science as Inquiry
  • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
  • Understandings about scientific inquiry

Physical Science
  • Structure of atoms
  • Structure and properties of matter
  • Chemical reactions
  • Motions and forces
  • Conservation of energy and increase in disorder
  • Interactions of energy and matter

Life Science
  • The cell
  • Molecular basis of heredity
  • Biological evolution
  • Interdependence of organisms
  • Matter, energy, and organization in living systems
  • Behavior of organisms

Earth and Space Science
  • Energy in the Earth system
  • Geochemical cycles
  • Origin and evolution of the Earth system
  • Origin and evolution of the universe

Science and Technology
  • Abilities of technological design
  • Understandings about science and technology

Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
  • Personal and community health
  • Population growth
  • Natural resources
  • Environmental quality
  • Natural and human-induced hazards
  • Science and technology in local, national, and global challenges

History and Nature of Science
  • Science as a human endeavor
  • Nature of scientific knowledge
  • Historical perspectives

standards 9-12standards 5-8standards K-4

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